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FCI BREED STANDARD

BICHON FRISÉ
Standard FCI # 215 of 11/5/1998


Country of Origin:
France and Belgium

FCI Classification:

Group 9 – gregarious dogs, Section 1-Bichons and related breeds, without a working exam.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:

A small, cheerful and playful dog with a merry temperament, with a very fine coat growing in spiral curlers and resembling that of a Mongolian goat. The head is carried upright; eyes are dark, lively and full of expression.

HEAD:
Harmonizes with the body. The skull is rather flat even though the coat gives it a round appearance. The skull is longer than the muzzle. The stop is not so pronounced. The nose is rounded, very black, slightly grainy and shiny. The muzzle must not be heavy and rough, but also not pointed. The line between the arches above the eyes are just barely evident. The lips are fine, rather dry but not as much as those of a Schipperke. The top lip is covering the bottom one very lightly, but they are never heavy and over-hanging and they are black right down to the corners of the mouth. When the mouth is closed, you must not be able to see the mucous membranes. The cheeks are flat and not too muscular.

BITE

is scissors. This means that the bottom teeth are opposite and behind the tips of the top teeth.

EYES:
Dark, with a vivid expression and with the darkest colours, round, never almond shaped and not oblique. Not too large, without the white of the eye being visible. They are not overly large and bulging as those of the Brussels Griffon or Pekingese.

EARS:
Are drop and are covered with long, gently wavy flowing hair. When the dog is alert they are carried more to the front, but only so that the bottom part touches the cheeks and they don’t go sideways. The front bottom of the leathers must not reach as far as the tip of the nose as with the French Poodle and should reach only halfway the length of the muzzle.

NECK:
The arched neck is long and carried proudly behind an erect head. It blends smoothly into the shoulders. The length of the neck from occiput to withers is approximately 1/3 the distance from forechest to buttocks. (For example with an individual 27cm tall the length of the neck is 11cm and the length of the body 33cm.) The topline is level except for a slight, muscular arch over the loin.

BODY:
The chest is well developed and wide enough to allow free and unrestricted movement of the front legs. The lowest point of the chest extends at least to the elbow. The rib cage is moderately sprung and extends back to a short and muscular loin. The forechest is well pronounced and protrudes slightly forward of the point of shoulder. The underline has a moderate tuck-up.

TAIL:

Is well-plumed, set on level with the topline and curved gracefully over the back so that the hair of the tail rests on the back. When the tail is extended towards the head it reaches at least half way to the withers.

FOREQUARTRES – SHOULDERS:
The shoulder blade, upper arm and forearm are approximately equal in length. The shoulders are laid back to somewhat near a forty-five degree angle. The upper arm extends well back so the elbow is placed directly below the withers when viewed from the side. Legs are of medium bone, straight, with no bow or curve in the forearm or wrist. The elbows are held close to the body. The pasterns slope slightly from the vertical.

HINDQUARTERS:
The hindquarters are of medium bone, well angulated with muscular thighs and spaced moderately wide. The upper and lower thighs are nearly equal in length meeting at a well bent stifle joint. The leg from hockjoint pad is perpendicular to the ground.

PAWS:
Pads are tight and round. Nails preferably black, but not so easily achieved.

SKIN:
Under the white coat preference is given to dark pigmentation. The sex organs have a black, bluish or beige pigment.

COAT:
Fine, silky, with a spiral effect, resembling the coat of the Mongolian goat. It is not flat or string-like and reaches the length of 7 – 10 cm. It can be gently trimmed on the paws and the muzzle.

COLOUR:
Pure white.

SIZE:
The height at the withers should not exceed 30 cm. The smaller, the better.

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Quelle: FCI